Squatter Websites:

NY Times, Squatting on the Rise:

Hannah Dobbs, Squatting in the USA

“Turf Wars: Squatters in NYC”:

“Advocates Assist Squatters Move into Foreclosed Houses”:

“The Thirty Day Law” in NYC:

“Criminalization of Squatters”:







“Cities Deal With Surge in Shantytowns”:

Tent City/BBC:

Squatting Europe Research Agenda:



Abrams, Charles, (1964) Man’s Struggle for Shelter in an Urbanizing World,
M.I.T. Press

Abu-Lughod, Janet L. (1994) From Urban Village to East Village: The Battle
for New York’s Lower East Side, Blackwell

Adilkno, (1994), Cracking the Movement: Squatting Beyond the Media,

Andres, L. (2012). “Differential Spaces, Power Hierarchy and Collaborative
Planning: A Critique of the Role of Temporary Uses in Shaping and Making
Places.” Urban Studies.

Bailey, Ron, (1973) The Squatters, Penquin

Beresford, J. (2007). Jerry the Peddler Interview. Resistance:
A Radical Political History of the Lower East Side. C. Patterson, J. Flood
and A. Moore. Seven Stories Press: 526-531.

Cano, Juan, (2012) “Squatting in London: Politics and Identity”,
Department of Sociology, University of Surrey, UK  available at:

Cattaneo, C. and M. Gavaldà (2010). “The experience of rurban squats in
Collserola, Barcelona: what kind of degrowth?” Journal of Cleaner
Production 18(6): 581–589.

Cobb, N. and L. Fox (2007). “’Living outside the system: the (im)morality
of urban squatting after the Land Registration Act 2002.” Legal studies
27(2): 236-260.

Corr Anders, “Anarchist Squatting and Land Use in the West: Direct Action
and the Critique of Real Estate /

Davies, M.(2007) Property: Meanings, Histories, Theories, Routledge

Davis, Mike (2006) Planet of Slums,Verso

Dobbz, H. (2012). Nine-Tenths of the Law: Property and Resistance in the
United States. New York, AK Press.

Dworkin, G. (1988) The Theory and Practice of Autonomy, Cambridge
University Press

Feinberg, M. (2011). Lavapiés, Madrid as Twenty-First Century Urban
Spectacle. Lexington, KY USA, University of Kentucky: Kentucky Doctoral
Dissertations. Paper 216.

Ferguson, S. (2007). The Struggle for Space – 10 years of turf battling on
the Lower East Side. Resistance: A Radical Political History of the Lower
East Side. C. Patterson, J. Flood and A. Moore. New York, NY, Seven
Stories Press: 141-165.

Gonzalez, C. G. (2009). “Squatters, Pirates, and Entrepreneurs: Is
Informality the Solution to the Urban Housing Crisis?” University of Miami
Inter-American Law Review 40(2): 239-259.

Griks, M. (2010). Squatting Actions Days Netherlands 2010. Amsterdam,
Spirit of Squatters Collective.

Holm, A. and A. Kuhn (2011). “Squatting and Urban Renewal: The Interaction
of Squatter Movements and Strategies of Urban Restructuring in Berlin.”
International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 35(3): 477-689.

Jaffe, A. (2007). Frank Morales. Resistance: A Radical Political History
of the Lower East Side. C. Patterson, J. Flood and A. Moore. Seven Stories
Press: 193-212.

Kadir, N. (2010). The autonomous life?: paradoxes of hierarchy, authority,
and urban identity in the Amsterdam squatters movement. Ann Arbor, Mich.,
Yale University, Graduate School, Anthropology.

Katyal, S. and E. M. Penalver (2010). Property Outlaws: How Squatters,
Pirates, and Protesters Improve the Law of Ownership. New Haven, Yale
University Press

Leontidou, L. (2010). “Urban Social Movements in ‘Weak’ Civil Societies:
The Right to the City and Cosmopolitan Activism in Southern Europe.” Urban
Studies 47(6): 1179-1203.

Loopmans, M. and T. Dirckx (2012). Neoliberal Urban Movements?: A
Geography of Conflict and Mobilisation over Urban Renaissance in Antwerp,
Belgium. Contradictions of Neoliberal Planning SE  – 6. T. Tasan-Kok and
G. D. Baeten, Springer Netherlands DA  – 2012/01/01: 99-116 LA  – English.

Janet L. Abu-Lughod (1994), From Urban Village to East Village: The Battle
for New York’s Lower East Side, Blackwell

MacDougall, C. E. (2011). Cold War Capital: Contested Urbanity in West
Berlin, 1963-1989.  Graduate School. New Brunswick, Rutgers, The State
University of New Jersey.

Martínez López , M. and E. Lorenzi Fernández (2012). “Autonomous
Activist-research.The case of the squatters’ movement in Madrid.” Revista
Internacional de Sociología (RIS ) 70(extra 2. Special Issue on
Methodological challenges in participation research.

Martínez, M. (2007). “The Squatters’ Movement: Urban Counter-Culture and
Alter-Globalization Dynamics.” South European Society and Politics 12(3):
379 – 398.

Martínez, M. (forthcoming). “The Squatters’ Movement in Europe: A Durable
Struggle for Social Autonomy in Urban Politics.” Antipode.

Membretti, A. and P. Mudu (2013). Centri Sociali: local spaces for a
global action. The European social movement experience: rethinking ‘new
social movements’, historicising the alterglobalisation movement and
understanding the new wave of protest. C. Flesher Fominaya and L. Cox. New
York, Routledge.

Meyerbeer/Späth (2012). Topf & Söhne – Besetzung auf einem Täterort.
Heidelberg, Verlag Grazwurzelrevolution.

Moor, J. d. (2012). “This is me, you know!?” Squatting, space, and the
limits of the self. Faculteit Sociale Wetenschappen. Leuven, Katholieke
Universiteit Leuven.

Mudu, P. (2012). “Looking for the Intersection between Anarchists and
Autonomists: Self-Management and Squatted Social Centers.” ACME.

Mudu, P. (2013). Self-managed Social Centers and the right to urban space.
Contemporary Rome essays. M. I. Clough and B. Thomassen. Bloomington &
Indianapolis, Indiana University Press.

Murphy, J. (2009). “The Full Story Of One Empty Building” City Limits

Neuwirth, Robert, (2006), Shadow Cities: A Billion Squatters: A New Urban
World, Routledge

Novy, J. and C. Colomb (2012). “Struggling for the Right to the (Creative)
City in Berlin and Hamburg: New Urban Social Movements, New “Spaces of
Hope”.” International Journal of Urban and Regional Research: no.

Owens, L. (2008). “From Tourists to Anti-Tourists to Tourist Attractions:
The Transformation of the Amsterdam Squatters’ Movement.” Social Movement
Studies: Journal of Social, Cultural and Political Protest 7(1): 43-59.

Owens, L. (2008). “What we talk about when we talk about decline:
Competing narratives in the Amsterdam squatters’ movement.” Research in
Social Movements, Conflicts and Change 28: 241-273.

Owens, L. (2009). Cracking Under Pressure. Narrating the Decline of the
Amsterdam Squatters’ Movement. Amsterdam, Amsterdam University Press.

Owens, L., A. Katzeff, et al. (2013 forthcoming). At home in the movement:
constructing an oppositional identity through activist travel across
european squats. Understanding european movements. New social movements,
Global justice struggles, Anti-austerity protests. C. Flesher Fominaya and
L. Cox. Oxon, New York, Routledge.

Patterson, C., J. Flood, et al., Eds. (2007). Resistance: A Radical
Political History of the Lower East Side, Seven Stories Press

Paul, Alice, et al. (2008). What’s this place? Stories from Radical Social
Centres in UK and Ireland. Leeds, Autonomous Geographies

Piazza, G. (2011). “Which models of democracy? Internal and external
decision-making processes of Italian Social Centres in a comparative
study.” Center of Studies on Politics and Society – WP Series 1(1): 3-54.

Piazza, G. and V. Genovese (2012). Between political opportunities and
strategic choices: a case study of protest campaign against eviction of a
Social Centre in Italy. paper presented at 2012 AAG (Association of
American Geographers) Annual Meeting, 24-28 February 2012, Hilton Hotel,
New York City, NY (USA).

Piazza, G. (2012), How activists make decisions within Social Centres? A
comparative study in an Italian city, in Squatting Europe Kollective
(ed.), Squatting Europe: Radical Spaces, Urban Struggles, Autonomedia, New
York City, pp. 58-76.

Piazza, G, Martìnez, M., Pruijt, H. (2012), Introduction, in Squatting
Europe Kollective (ed.), Squatting Europe: Radical Spaces, Urban
Struggles, Autonomedia, New York City, pp. 2-7.

Piotrowski, G. (2011). Squatted Social Centers in Central and Eastern
Europe. Warsaw, ICRA.

Pruijt, H. (2007). Urban Movements. Blackwell Encyclopedia of Sociology.
G. Ritzer. Malden, Malden: 5115-5119.

Pruijt, H. (2012). “Culture Wars, Revanchism, Moral Panics and the
Creative City. A Reconstruction of a Decline of Tolerant Public Policy:
The Case of Dutch Anti-squatting Legislation.” Urban Studies(Published
online before print October 1, 2012, doi: 10.1177/0042098012460732).

Pruijt, H. (2012). “The Logic of Urban Squatting.” International Journal
of Urban and Regional Research, 2012, available at:

Rameau, Max, (2008) Take Back the Land: Land, Gentrification and the Umoja
Village Shantytown, NIA Press, niapress.niainteractive.com

Routledge, P. (2010). “Introduction: Cities, Justice and Conflict.” Urban
Studies 47(6): 1165-1177.

Schmitt, C. (2006)[1950] The Nomos of the Earth, Telos Press Publishing

Smith, Neil, (1996) The New Urban Frontier:  Gentrification and the
Revanchist City, Routledge

Tobocman, Seth, (1999) War in the Neighborhood: A Graphic Novel, Autonomedia

Thörn, H. (2012). “In Between Social Engineering and Gentrification: Urban
Restructuring, Social Movements, and the Place Politics of Open Space.”
Journal of Urban Affairs 34(2): 153-168.

Thörn, H., C. Wasshede, et al., Eds. (2011). Space for Urban Alternatives?
Christiania 1971-2011. Möklinta, Gidlunds förlag.

Tijen, T. v. (2008). Zwartmakers en een pleidooi voor een “Witboek
Kraken”. 2008.

Tolia, K. (2007). Activism by an activist. Resistance: A Radical Political
History of the Lower East Side. C. Patterson, J. Flood and A. Moore. New
York, NY, Seven Stories Press: 478-482.

Turner, John F.C., (1976) Housing By People: Towards Autonomy in Building
Environments, John F.C. Turner, Pantheon Books

Vasudevan, A. (2011). “Dramaturgies of dissent: the spatial politics of
squatting in Berlin, 1968–.” Social & Cultural Geography 12(3): 283-303.

Vilaseca, S. L. (2010). “The TriBall Case: “Okupación Creativa ¡Ya!” vs.
Okupa Hacktivismo.” Arizona Journal of Hispanic Cultural Studies 14(2010):

Vivant, E. (2010). “The (re)Making of Paris as a Bohemian Place?” Progress
in Planning 74(3): 107-152.

Ward, Colin (1976) Housing: An Anarchist Approach, Freedom Press

“The Battle for 319,” Seth Tobocman, article, Heavy Metal magazine, 1990

Tips 4 Squatters, Mission Statement, Organizing for Occupation, NYC, 2012


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